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Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common vision condition in which near objects appear clearly but distant objects appear blurry. Approximately 25% of the population has myopia.
WHAT CAUSES IT?
Myopia develops in eyes that focus images in front of the retina instead of on the retina, which results in blurred vision. This occurs when the eyeball becomes too long and prevents incoming light from focusing directly on the retina. It may also be caused by a steeper than usual cornea or lens. Myopia can affect both children and adults. Myopia is often diagnosed in children between 8 and 12 years of age and may worsen during the teen years. Little change may occur between ages 20 to 40, but sometimes myopia may worsen with age. People whose parents have myopia may be more likely to get the condition.
Eyeglasses are the simplest and safest way to correct for myopia. Your eye care professional can prescribe lenses that will correct the problem and help you see your best.
Contact lenses work by becoming the first refractive surface for light rays entering the eye, causing a more precise refraction or focus. In many cases, contact lenses provide clearer vision, a wider field of vision, and greater comfort. They are safe and effective option if fitted and used properly. However, contact lenses are not right for everyone. Discuss this with your eye care professional to see if contact lenses will work for you.
Refractive surgery aims to permanently change the shape of the cornea, which will improve refractive vision. Surgery can decrease or eliminate dependency on wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses. There are many types of refractive surgeries and surgical options should be discussed with your eye care professional.